The Possible Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

type 1 diabetesThe exact cause of type1 diabetes is still not known. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or Insulin-dependent diabetes, is a killer disease that claims several lives all over the world each year. This condition occurs when the part of the pancreas that usually would make insulin, fails to do so because it is destroyed by the immune system. Lack of insulin eventually means that there’ s not enough sugar in the blood to get to other parts of the body that need sugar to function normally. This disease reveals itself through symptoms such as:

  • A flushed face
  • Dried out skin and face
  • Deep rapid breaths
  • Increased hunger and excess thirst
  • Fruity odor on the breath
  • Vomiting and pain in the stomach
  • Headaches

Patients under type 1 diabetes treatment need to take daily insulin injections to live. Sadly, diabetes type 1 has no definite cure and leaves you at risk of several other complications like, kidney failure, stroke, and heart malfunctions, So what is the exact cause of type 1 diabetes:

Genetics

Although type 1 diabetes is termed an autoimmune disorder of the body, wider researcher continues to reveal that genetic factors play a notable role in the development of the disease. The genes associated with type 1 diabetes are well over 50 in number, and can either be recessive, dominant, or a little bit of both. The IDDM1 is the strongest of these genes that encode proteins referred to as the histocompatibility complex. The genes mentioned above affect immune response over time, while some may be equally protective at the same time. Most people who develop type 1 diabetes, often don’t have any history of the disease in their family. The odds of inheriting type 1 diabetes from a member of your family are just 10%. Over the years, research has also come to reveal that as a child below 12 years, you are more likely to inherit type1 diabetes from your father than from your mother. It is, however, worth noting that genetic factors alone are not entirely responsible for the development of type1 diabetes.From here the big diabetes lie treatmen review. Other factors too have their role in this.

Besides, identical twins also stand a much greater chance of getting the disease from one another.

Viruses

Like many body conditions, the development of type 1 diabetes can be triggered by a viral infection. How does this come about? You ask. Well, when the body gets invaded by a virus, your immune system reacts promptly by producing antibodies to fight this infection. These antibodies are produced by T cells which themselves also help the body to fight viruses. If however, by some ill fate, the virus has antigens similar to the insulin-making beta cells found in the pancreas, then your T cells may end up turning against the beta cells. Destruction of all your boy’s beta cells would mean that your body can’t produce enough insulin as would usually happen, and as a result, causing type 1 diabetes to occur. So far, German measles, mumps, the Rotavirus( the virus that causes diarrhea) and the B4 Coxsackie virus are identified as the viruses that trigger type 1 diabetes.

Environmental factors

There are also some environmental factors that can influence the development of type 1 diabetes within the body. For instance, type 1 diabetes cases are more prevalent amongst Europeans and Americans of European ancestry as opposed to the African and Asian races. 

Conclusion

The primary cause of type 1 diabetes is yet to be known, hence, the reason why medics have termed it an autoimmune disorder. Being an autoimmune disease means that it is a condition that comes into existence when your immune system attacks and destroys other tissues present in the body, by mistake. In the case of type 1 diabetes, an infection or another relevant factor such as genetics, make the body attack the insulin-making pancreatic cells by mistake, hence causing diabetes type 1 to occur. Sadly, there being no real cure for diabetes, the best you can do as a diabetes type 1 patient is to maintain a healthy nutritional lifestyle and consistent injection of insulin into your blood to maintain blood sugar levels. If you put extra care to ensure that you take your medication as prescribed by a doctor, and maintain an overall healthy lifestyle, then there’s a good chance that you can live a long and fulfilled life despite having type 1 diabetes.

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