What is Insulin Resistance?

Insulin Resistance

insulin-resistance-overview

If you are thinking that this article is only for people who have diabetes, beware! Insulin resistance usually happens sometimes before being diabetic and your lifestyle greatly influences as you start you develop this problem. Worth it, that you’re aware of what it is, so you can prevent it in time. Let’s start by clarifying what is insulin? Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps glucose, which comes from food enter cells and gets energy from our body. In people with type 2 diabetes, there is a combination of problems. In people with type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin, so a part of the glucose cannot enter cells. Glucose accumulates in the blood, causing high levels of blood glucose.

In some cases, the person may be producing more insulin than normal to convert glucose from food into energy. The pancreases are working more to produce more insulin because the body’s cells are resistant to the effects of insulin. That is, despite the presence of blood insulin, glucose cannot enter the body’s cells.

What generates the insulin resistance?

It not yet specified what causes this cell resistance, but seems to be related to certain risk factors such as;

  • Family history, that is, if your parents or siblings have diabetes
  • Obesity, especially when fat is stored in the abdomen
  • Inactive lifestyle

On the one hand, insulin resistance is a condition that can lead to Type 2 Diabetes (also called just diabetes being the most common). But, it is not only the cause of this disease, but it is also its main feature, that, unlike Type 1 Diabetes. Insulin resistance is associated with an increasingly common condition called Metabolic Syndrome, or Syndrome X. This syndrome is a combination of factor basically, and occurs if three or more of the following things exists:

  • Blood pressure of 130/85 mm / HG or more
  • Glucose (sugar) fasting 100 mg / dl or more
  • Diameter men’s waist: 40 inches or more
  • Diameter women’s waist: 35 inches or more
  • Good cholesterol (HDL) low in men less than 40 mg / dl
  • Good cholesterol (HDL) low in women: less than 50 mg / dl
  • High triglycerides, 150 mg / dl or higher

Scientists do not know exactly what causes this insulin resistance; it is believed that there are different defects in the entry process glucose into the cells mediated by insulin, causing insulin resistance. Drugs for treatment of type 2 diabetes focus on different areas of interaction of the cell and insulin to promote better control of blood glucose. Some drugs stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin. Others help the body use insulin better combating insulin resistance.

The problem is that insulin resistance has usually no symptoms, and often not detected until your blood sugar levels rise. So, if you think you have some of the risk factors mentioned, it is better to look into this matter. Insulin Resistance begins to cause cardiovascular problems before symptoms develop or diabetes is diagnosed.

We know that family inheritance is impossible, but to lose weight, reduce belly fat, exercise, and better eating habits, are highly effective strategies to prevent or reduce insulin resistance. And so reduce your risk of developing health problems in the future. Physical activity also helps the body to make better use insulin, reducing insulin resistance, so it is very important to exercise in the treatment of diabetes. Take good care of your body, as life comes only once, so worth it.

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