Diabetes in Adolescent Children

Diabetes in Adolescent Children

Adolescence is a difficult time for both adolescents and their parents. This is the time when large-scale changes occur in the life of a child on all fronts: in life, in the body, in outlook. Regardless of the type, diabetes mellitus in adolescents requires that the maturing child be assisted and supported in managing their disease.

DIAGNOSING DIABETES IN ADOLESCENTS

If your teenager is diagnosed with diabetes, your task is to help your child get used to the presence of an incurable disease. Diagnosing diabetes can be shocking at any age, and doubly shocking when it comes to puberty. At 12–18, the only desire of most adolescents is to adapt to a new state. Many of them have the feeling of the “white crow”, so you will be required to convince your child of the opposite – with proper care and control, diabetes does not at all limit the ability of the child.

The teenage period is filled with a variety of experiences: from joy and delight to fear and embarrassment. As the child grows up, the child begins puberty yesterday, there are frequent mood swings and the first steps towards independent living take place. And in the adolescent period, new impressions, new friends and new responsibilities appear. It was at this time that the signs of diabetes in adolescents in most cases go unnoticed. Since adolescence is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood, adolescents often take diabetes symptoms for normal changes in the body. The life of a teenager, as a rule, is quite saturated with various events – there is little room for thoughts about possible or already identified diabetes. That’s why your job is to make sureshort-term and long-term complications of diabetes if not properly controlled.

INDEPENDENT DIABETES MANAGEMENT

At some point in time, a teenager may show a desire to independently control his disease. If your child has been diagnosed with diabetes at an early age, you probably have already developed a regimen and have a diabetes management plan. If diabetes was diagnosed in adolescence, adaptation to the daily procedures, both in diabetes 1 and type 2 diabetes, will take some time.

As you get older, your child will undoubtedly strive for complete autonomy in the treatment of diabetes. This is not bad at all with proper control, but it can lead to serious consequences if a teenager is not ready for the amount of responsibility that is placed on him, especially when it comes to type1 diabetes, which requires more intensive treatment.

Each child is different, so you will need to independently discuss with your child the decision to switch to independent diabetes management. At the same time, do not forget to regularly monitor how your teenager copes with his new duty. For example, together look at the history of measuring blood sugar levels, analyze the effectiveness of control and remind you to constantly undergo the required tests. For a better understanding of whether a teenager is managing his diabetes effectively, use the HbA1ctest .

PROTEST

Constant pursuit of rebellion is often an integral part of a teenager’s life, regardless of whether he has diabetes. Surely you know from your own experience that such protests can take many forms. One of them is the reluctance to accept the presence of the disease: and can you blame a teenager for this ?! Unfortunately, reluctance alone is not enough. A complete cure for diabetes is not possible, and ignoring the disease will only aggravate the condition.

In some adolescents, protest is expressed in complete disregard for the presence of diabetes: irregular meals, alcohol abuse , unwillingness to measure blood sugar levels, insulin breaks without preliminary calculations, or even complete omission of insulin. The conscious omission of insulin doses or the reduction thereof is called diabetes mellitus . This is a mental disorder in which a patient has a mental disorder due to diabetes. Diabulimia can lead to the appearance of short-term complications, including dramatic weight loss and chronic fungal / urinary tract infections, which, if not treated in time, can lead to long-term complications.

Such complications can cause serious damage to health, which adolescents should also be aware of. Living with diabetes, especially in adolescence, is sometimes full of disappointments and lost hopes. Tell your child that he is not expected to be 100% correct in 100% of cases. All patients with diabetes have situations where you forget to measure the level of sugar in the blood, or you miss a meal or a dose of insulin. However, such “accidents” should not become a habit. The consequences of diabetes can be very sad, even if they are now invisible. Despite all the difficulties of adolescence, do not lose determination and put appropriate expectations in front of your child.

DOES A TEEN NEED AN INSULIN PUMP?

Using an insulin pump can help a teenager better manage diabetes. If your child has difficulty keeping blood sugar levels within the target range, there are frequent or nocturnal episodes of hypoglycemia, or he just wants to gain more freedom in daily compliance, consider using an insulin pump , ideally in combination with a continuous glucose monitoring .

In order to maintain the blood sugar level within the target range, it is necessary to independently measure the blood sugar level at least 4 times a day, while making the appropriate adjustments to the treatment regimen. Check with your doctor about the use of your adolescent insulin pump to treat diabetes.

Blood Glucose Meter

Blood Glucose Meter

In the event that you have diabetes, doubtlessly you will require a blood glucose meter with which you can quantify your glucose levels. There are numerous sorts of blood glucose meters, from fundamental models to cutting edge ones with an assortment of capacities. Luckily, they are generally staggeringly simple to utilize.

HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHECK BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS?

Since all people are different, precise prescriptions regarding the frequency of checking blood sugar levels are not available – this issue ought to be examined with the specialist separately.. How often you need to check blood sugar levels is influenced by several factors, including:

  • Duration of diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Your general health
  • Exercise frequency and intensity

Because of medical issues or pregnancy, your body may not react to insulin of course, so it is essential to counsel your nearby specialist. Or on the other hand, in the event that you have any inquiries, don’t hesitate to contact the authorities of the MiniMed group , who will give you help and support whenever.

Through standard testing of glucose levels, you can find in which course it changes, and take the vital measures to keep it in the ideal range.

How to check blood sugar levels?

A blood glucose meter is used to check blood sugar levels. All devices are slightly different, so always read the instructions before use. The analysis requires only a few simple steps. Usually they are:

  • Wash your hands first
  • Turn on the meter
  • Insert a new test strip
  • Use the lancet to pierce the tip of your finger and take a small drop of blood.
  • Place the blood on the test strip of the meter.

The instrument will take a few seconds for a blood test, after which the result will appear on the screen, measured in mmol / L or mg / dL.

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What to strive for? 

In most cases, your goal is to keep blood sugar levels as close as possible to those of a healthy person. Ideally, it should be between 4 and 7 mmol / L (72–126 mg / dL) before meals and about 5–9 mmol / L (90–162 mg / dL) after meals (after 90 minutes). The indicated range of blood sugar is only a recommendation; Your target range may vary. Consult with your team of doctors to determine your target range. It is determined individually and often depends on:

  • The duration of diabetes
  • Age / life expectancy
  • Associated diseases
  • Identified cardiovascular diseases or serious microvascular complications
  • Individual factors relevant to the patient
  • Impaired sensitivity to hypoglycemia

There is no consensus on the ideal range for which to strive. Since this indicator is completely individual for each person, the patient needs to coordinate the target level with his team of diabetes care specialists.

The following ranges of target blood sugar (glucose) in blood are given only as recommendations.

Children with type 1 diabetes 

  • After waking up and before meals: 4–7 mmol / l (72–126 mg / dl)
  • After meals: 5–9 mmol / l (90–162 mg / dL)

Adults with type 1 diabetes 

  • After waking up: 5–7 mmol / l (90–126 mg / dL)
  • Before meals at another time of the day: 4–7 mmol / l (72–126 mg / dl)
  • 90 minutes after a meal: 5–9 mmol / l (90–162 mg / dL)

Type 2 Diabetes 

  • Before meals: 4–7 mmol / l (72–126 mg / dL)
  • Two hours after a meal: less than 8.5 mmol / l (153 mg / dL)

Pregnant women with diabetes 

  • Fasting: below 5.3 mmol / l (95.4 mg / dL) and
  • 1 hour after a meal: below 7.8 mmol / l (140.4 mg / dL) or
  • 2 hours after a meal: below 6.4 mmol / l (115.2 mg / dL)

What do the results mean? 
Controlling blood sugar levels is balancing your diet, activity, and medication or insulin. This is not an easy task, but with careful monitoring of blood sugar levels, you will understand how each of these factors affects your body.

Simply put, if your blood sugar level is low (hypoglycemia), you will need to take the necessary measures to return it to the target range, and if it is too high ( hyperglycemia ), you will need to take action to stop its growth and reduce sugar in the blood to a safe value.

After checking the blood sugar level, write down the number that appears on the screen of the device. It is useful to keep a diary to track the change in the level of sugar in your blood throughout the day, week or month. You can trace the dependence of indicators on nutrition, types of activity and other aspects that may affect the indicators during the day. If you notice certain trends, such as constantly high or low values, you may need to adjust the treatment program. Together with your doctor or a team of diabetes care professionals, determine what the results mean for you. Be patient, it may take some time. Try not to evaluate individual indicators, but simply analyze them to make sure that everything is in order.

Remember that the results of measuring blood sugar often have a strong psychological effect. Indicators that go beyond the target range can upset you, confuse, annoy, annoy, or simply cause a bad mood. It’s very easy to judge yourself with these numbers, especially if you think you’ve done everything you need. Recall that your blood sugar level is a way to track the effectiveness of your diabetes program; it is not an assessment of you as an individual.

Diabetes And Sports

diabetes and sports

Playing sports in diabetes is an inquiry that stresses the two individuals with recently analyzed diabetes and the individuals who have been living with this illness for quite a while. For a few, sport is a necessary piece of life, and somebody is practicing just to be fit, get more fit, fortify insusceptibility, or for therapeutic reasons.

Exercise assumes a unique job in the life of diabetics and every one of the individuals who look to lead a sound way of life. On the off chance that you have type1 diabetes, game will help increment the affectability of insulin 1 , which implies you can bring down your insulin measurement by the measure of starches you expend. In the meantime, as per the National Health Service, exercise can decrease the danger of creating type 2 diabetes by up to half 2, and the danger of different maladies recorded beneath.

Coronary illness AND STROKE

Customary exercise diminishes the danger of stroke and coronary illness by 35% 3 .

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Discouragement

Living with diabetes is debilitating physically, as well as mentally. Amid games, endorphins are created in the body, enhancing inclination and expanding confidence. Accordingly, the danger of creating misery is diminished by up to 30% 4 .

WHAT SHOULD BE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY?

As per the meaning of the National Health Service, normal exercise ought to be comprehended as “150 minutes of high-impact exercise of normal power every week” 4 . Every day practicing 30 minutes, you can enhance your wellbeing with type 1 diabetes, and with type 2 diabetes, get more fit or keep up your load at the ideal dimension. Besides, practice lessens circulatory strain and cholesterol 4 expands insulin affectability and positively affects emotional wellness.

DO I NEED TO PLAN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ADVANCE?

Numerous individuals can not envision their existence without games and exercise. Diabetes isn’t motivation to surrender propensities, it is just essential to recollect that sport diminishes the dimension of sugar (glucose) in the blood. In the event that you are prepared for this, proceed with your work not surprisingly.

In the event that you are simply contemplating beginning a game or doing any sort of activity all the time, make certain to attempt! Contingent upon the exercises picked and their term, you may need to invest more energy in diabetes control and arranging, however the outcomes are not long in coming. Light exercise (for instance, strolling) does not require extra arranging – this is a great decision for the individuals who need to change their way of life. Conversely, with increasingly extraordinary exercise, the danger of hypoglycemia increments as sugar levels will in general decline. In this way, before exercise, it is important to gauge the glucose level and, if fundamental, decide ahead of time the portion of insulin infused.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR BEFORE EXERCISE AND AFTER IT

Like diabetics and sound individuals, glucose levels can change a few times each day. Before you work out, pursue a couple of our proposals:

Check glucose levels.

Prior to each activity session, make sure to check glucose levels. On the off chance that it is above 13.8 mmol/l (248 mg/dl) or beneath 5.6 mmol/l (109 mg/dl), you may need to hold up until the point that the glucose level comes back to a more secure range.

Abstain from drinking liquor

Notwithstanding the way that you have heard this proposal more than once, it won’t be strange to remind by and by that getting even a little measure of liquor into the circulatory system can build the danger of hypoglycemia.

Drink a lot of liquids.

Eat a little sugar nibble.

Regardless of whether to pursue this proposal relies upon your glucose level. In the event that it is generally low and you will practice for something like 30 minutes, a starch bite will assist you with adjusting your glucose levels.

Be cautious in the event that you are utilizing drugs (beta-blockers).

A few medications have an impact like liquor. They can bring down glucose levels and increment the danger of hypoglycemia.

Educate others regarding your ailment.

On the off chance that you are engaged with group activities, let the other colleagues think about your infection. Understanding what moves ought to be made if there should be an occurrence of genuine entanglements will guarantee the essential security and significant serenity.

TYPE 2 DIABETES AND SPORTS

Notwithstanding the kind of diabetes, sports and a sound way of life ought to be a fundamental piece of your week after week schedule. Exercise is particularly essential for patients with type 2 diabetes, as one of the principle issues of individuals with recently analyzed sort 2 diabetes is overweight.

Its a well known fact that one of the primary purposes behind the presence of overweight is an absence of time or the need to satisfy different commitments. In the event that you are determined to have type 2 diabetes, above all else, you have to focus on exercise and medical problems. This will stay away from both present moment and long haul intricacies of diabetes .

On the off chance that sports are as of now in your quick designs, begin little. An exceptional load in the principal weeks can not just have the contrary impact, and you quit what you began due to general disappointment or absence of trust in your quality, yet it can likewise prompt wounds. The perfect method to get once more into shape is to steadily build the oxygen consuming burden in regular day to day existence. For instance, you can decline to utilize transport and stroll to work or to the store.

Diabetes And Pregnancy

diabetes in pregnancy

With good control, diabetes does not pose a threat to the bearing and birth of a healthy baby. However, pregnancy in diabetes is associated with certain risks, so it is very important to have all the information about possible complications and take the necessary steps to prevent them. Compensating for diabetes several months before conception will eliminate certain risks and complications. To avoid unnecessary unrest in early pregnancy, it is necessary to achieve effective control of diabetes.
In addition to the normalization of blood sugar levels, it is necessary to undergo a full examination. It is recommended to check for the presence of other complications associated with diabetes – as a rule, such a check includes:

-Kidney examination
-Diagnosis of the nervous system
-Examination for weight problems
-Blood pressure check

The main thing is preparation
Surely, you already understand that the normalization of blood sugar levels before pregnancy is the most important recommendation for future mothers with diabetes. Control of diabetes and care for your health will ensure the most favorable course of pregnancy for both you and your unborn child. The first weeks of pregnancy are the most important period in terms of fetal development, so be prepared.

Pregnancy is not only joyful moments. Many women have to face various problems, and some even have concerns about pregnancy. In this regard, it is very important that you have a reliable support group – for this, contact your partner, relatives and relatives for help. Explain the necessary information to them – so they can provide the necessary support, and, most importantly, you will not be alone. Remember that effective assistance is only possible if specific requests for help are made from you.

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DIABETES BEFORE CONCEPTION AND AT EARLY STAGES OF PREGNANCY

pregnancy in diabetes cure

If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you probably know a variety of diets and you understand how certain foods affect your body (especially blood sugar levels). During the planning period of pregnancy, you are undoubtedly concerned about the issue of probable changes. It all depends on what foods are included in your normal diet.

You may need to reduce the consumption of certain foods (for example, potatoes). A recent study in the United States found that women who consumed five servings of potatoes per week had a 50% higher risk of developing gestational diabetes compared to women who did not consume potatoes1. Despite the fact that potatoes do not belong to the products that cause diabetes, according to the researchers, there is enough scientific evidence that the potato does increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes. Since potatoes are characterized by a high glycemic index (GI), their consumption leads to a sharp release of glucose into the blood immediately after a meal. Ultimately, this leads to jumps in blood sugar levels to rates outside the recommended range. In this regard, if the potato has a strong place in your usual diet, use caution and, possibly, reduce the number of servings.

For women who are not insulin-dependent (the majority of patients with type 2 diabetes), it is crucial to monitor the amount of carbohydrates consumed before conception, since this indicator will have a direct effect on blood sugar levels that will be difficult to control without insulin therapy. A steady carbohydrate intake throughout the day will reduce the risk of sugar spikes and will help maintain blood sugar levels within a safe range.

We understand that during pregnancy a woman eats for two, however, the increase in the amount of food should not occur due to an increase in the amount of processed foods and food that increases blood sugar levels. Elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood and ketone bodies (especially during the first trimester) increase the risk of congenital abnormalities2 — this is why it is so important to normalize blood sugar levels even before pregnancy. If you have severe and frequent episodes of hyperglycemia, you may need to postpone pregnancy until you have better control of your diabetes.

If you are planning a pregnancy, remember to avoid certain types of foods, including:

Raw eggs and boiled soft-boiled eggs, or fried eggs
>Fish high in mercury (swordfish, shark, marlin) 3
>Foods high in carbohydrates, which are completely or practically no >Nutrients
>Liver
>Unpasteurized milk

HbA1c Level During Pregnancy

As recommended by the National Institute for Health and Excellence Excellence (NICE), the HbA1c target for women with diabetes planning pregnancy is 4.3 mmol / L (774 mg / dL) 4 before conception . In case the indicator exceeds the recommended one by 10% or more, it is recommended to postpone pregnancy planning until the best compensation for diabetes is achieved. If you have  type 2 diabetes  and need to lower your HbA1c level, a recent study found that using MiniMed insulin pump reduces HbA1c levels by 1.1% compared to multiple daily injections (MUIs), in which the level of decline in the group research accounted for only 0.4%

Diabetes Treatment

pregnancy in diabetes treatment

Before you conceive, discuss your diabetes treatment with your team of medical professionals and select the one that will help you to make the next pregnancy as smooth as possible. As the woman’s body changes during pregnancy, so does the need. Ask all your questions to ensure the most effective management of blood sugar levels. This is a time of careful planning, attention to detail and comprehensive analysis.

Type 2 Diabetes

Since the use of certain antidiabetic drugs for type 2 diabetics is prohibited during pregnancy, you can be transferred to therapy with insulin injections. Often after childbirth, you will be able to return to the reception of the tablets. A recent study found that treating type 2 diabetes with an insulin pump6 MiniMed can improve diabetes control, as well as reduce the usual 120–150 monthly insulin injections prior to the infusion set being administered 2-3 times a week.

For more information, contact our MiniMed team.

Type 1 diabetes

Patients with type1 diabetes should consider using an insulin pump in conjunction with a continuous glucose monitoring system, since research has shown their effectiveness in women who tried to lower HbA1c levels before conception. Unlike an insulin pump, multiple daily injections (MEI) do not allow for equally effective management of sugar levels, which change under the influence of hormones during pregnancy.

Insulin Needs During Pregnancy

As you probably already know, insulin requirements during pregnancy constantly fluctuate, which means that the usual diet and exercise will have different effects on blood sugar levels. To cope with such fluctuations, you can use a system of continuous monitoring of glucose, which demonstrates its effectiveness in therapy as with an insulin pump, so and with a syringe handle. In the course of our study, it was found that when measuring blood sugar levels using a conventional glucometer, 60% of low blood sugar (glucose) levels in the blood go unnoticed7. On the contrary, our NMG system with a new generation Enlite sensor performs measurements around the clock and informs about low and high rates.

If you suffer from an insulin-dependent form of diabetes (type 1 diabetes and sometimes type 2 diabetes), your need for insulin during pregnancy can increase significantly – many women inject insulin at a dose that is 3–4 times higher than the standard dose.

Most women point out that since insulin gets into the bloodstream rather slowly, it helps to inject insulin 30-40 minutes before eating to avoid sudden surges in sugar.

Starting from week 28, you need to undergo an ultrasound scan regularly to monitor the development of the child and the amount of amniotic fluid.

In addition to maintaining blood sugar within the target range, there are other aspects that need to be addressed to ensure the success of the future pregnancy. A few tips to help strengthen your health:

-Stop smoking
-Avoid alcohol consumption
-Eat a balanced diet.
-Exercise daily
-Plan your pregnancy well in advance (this is especially important with diabetes).

Medtronic MiniMed team will be happy to advise you if you are thinking about having a baby. We will provide you with the necessary information, advice and support to help you better plan your pregnancy. As a rule, during the consultation such key issues are considered – medication, type of insulin used, method of treating diabetes, current diet and exercise. As soon as we have an understanding of the features of your current lifestyle and circumstances, the MiniMed team may provide you with even more specific recommendations regarding the changes necessary for a successful pregnancy.

What Is Type 1 Diabetes

type 1 diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that many people have heard about, but few people fully understand the characteristics of this condition, as well as the difference between each of its three main types: gestational diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Surely, you are already familiar with many difficult terms that are often found in publications on diabetes: blood sugar level (glucose), insulin, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis – at first glance, it is easy to get confused, but when we understand the terms, you can it is better to navigate what is happening in the human body that has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes Regardless of who you are looking for information for – for yourself, your spouse or a loved one – it is important to understand the causes, symptoms and available types of diabetes treatment.
Our body is amazing. Every second there are many hidden processes. When it comes to diabetes, we focus on the levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood and on how the body copes with these levels in the bloodstream, how it manages to regulate them and keep them within the normal range.

WHAT CAUSES TYPE 1 DIABETES

When food is ingested, the food is broken down into glucose (blood sugar), which is then used by the body to regulate metabolism and produce energy. After that, glucose moves through the bloodstream to each cell. At this stage, the pancreas plays a vital role, and it is at this stage that you can understand whether you have type 1 diabetes, because the amount of glucose in the bloodstream is controlled by insulin produced by the pancreas. If the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels, doctors diagnose type 1 diabetes.

HOW TO PREVENT DIABETES TYPE 1

As of 2016, the cure for type 1 diabetes has not yet been invented. Despite this, diabetes is a condition that can be monitored and treated, so that the majority of people with diabetes lead a healthy, successful and productive life.

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong autoimmune disease, as a result of which insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed. Without enough insulin to control the situation, glucose will remain in the bloodstream, and its level will continue to grow. Therefore, type 1 diabetes requires regular administration of insulin in the form of injections or using an insulin pump. Insulin administration, diet changes and regular exercise can help maintain optimal blood sugar levels.

TYPE 1 DIABETES CONTROL

Every day, blood sugar levels in diabetic patients do not change at all like in other people. As a rule, changes in blood sugar levels are a response to eating or exercising. In healthy people, changes are regulated by insulin, which is produced in the body. If insulin is not produced, the diabetic is faced with the need to control insulin levels in the bloodstream. In order to keep track of what is happening in the body, a diabetic patient needs to constantly check their blood sugar levels with a glucometer. Ideally, blood sugar should be within 4–7 mmol / L (72–126 mg / dL) before a meal and about 5–9 mmol / L (90–162 mg / dL) 90 minutes after a meal. Blood glucose testing is an integral part of the daily regimen of a diabetic patient. In addition, it is important to understand your body and recognize its signals in time that the blood sugar level is raised or lowered – this will allow you to respond quickly to any situation.

A diabetic is at risk for hypoglycemic (low blood glucose) and hyperglycemic (high blood glucose) reactions. Below is information about how these states differ.

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Hypoglycemia

This term is used to refer to a condition in which there is a drop in blood sugar below 4 mmol / L (72 mg / dL). Among the main reasons for which hypoglycemia can occur:

-Injecting too much insulin
-Skipping meals
-Consuming insufficient carbohydrates
-Excessive Exercise
-Unplanned Exercise
-Use of prohibited substances (eg Ecstasy or Cocaine)

Hyperglycemia

This term is used to refer to a condition in which blood sugar levels reach values above 7 mmol / L (126 mg / dL). Among the main reasons for which hyperglycemia can occur:

-Injecting too little insulin
-Eating too much carbohydrates
-Exercise is less than planned.
-Stress
-Alcohol consumption

TYPE 1 DIABETES DIAGNOSTICS

If you or someone close to you is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you probably have a feeling of confusion, fear and uncertainty. The first thing you need to learn is that you are not alone. Type 1 diabetes accounts for 10% of all diabetes cases in adults in Russia, and with proper monitoring and support, this condition will not prevent you from achieving success in the most diverse areas of your life.

Type 1 diabetes can occur in any period of life, but since it is most often detected in childhood, its second, erroneous name is juvenile diabetes. Also, type 1 diabetes is identified with the concept of “insulin-dependent diabetes” (ED) because of the need to constantly inject insulin.

If type 1 diabetes occurs, it can manifest rather quickly, usually within a few days. After identifying the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and seeking medical help, the diagnosis is made based on the results of several studies, including:

-Blood glucose test
-Fasting blood test
-Urine analysis for glucose

What Is Diabetes?

what is diabetes

Welcome to a great article to answer the question of what is diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a disease of the endocrine system in which the correct metabolism is disturbed due to the complete absence of insulin secretion (insulin-dependent diabetes type I), or a decrease in the sensitivity of cells to insulin and a decrease in its production (insulin-independent diabetes type II). Insulin is produced by the pancreas, located directly behind the stomach, between the spleen and duodenum. Its weight is 70-100 grams.




 

The beta cells that produce insulin are located in small groups all over the gland. These groups are called “islands of Langerhans.” The gland of a healthy adult consists of approximately 1 million islets, which weigh a total of 1-2 g. Along with beta cells, alpha cells are located on the “islands of Langerhans”. They are responsible for the production of the hormone glucagon, the action of which is the opposite of insulin. Pancreatic cells produce pancreatic juice that enters the duodenum and is involved in the digestion of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.

Types Of Diabetes

1. Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type I Diabetes)

Developed in people with inability to produce insulin with specific beta cells of the pancreas. This type of diabetes most often occurs at an early age – in children, adolescents and young people. The cause of type I diabetes is not fully elucidated, but there is a strict connection with impaired function of the immune system, manifested by the presence of antibodies in the blood (the so-called “autoantibodies” directed against the patient’s own cells and tissues of the patient’s body) destroying the pancreatic beta cells.

The appearance of autoantibodies is associated with viral diseases. The role of hereditary factors cannot be excluded. Insulin is the most important hormone necessary for the absorption of blood sugar (glucose) by all cells of the body. Glucose is the main energy fuel of cells. Without glucose, the life of cells and tissues is greatly disturbed. In order for glucose to penetrate from the blood into the cells of the body and nourish them, insulin is needed. If insulin is not produced enough, then glucose accumulates in high concentrations in the blood (hyperglycemia), and does not enter the cells. Patients with type I diabetes require constant insulin injections.

Features of Type I Diabetes

Due to an increase in blood sugar (glucose) and an increase in the renal threshold (blood sugar above 10 mmol / l), glucose appears in the urine (glucosuria), there is excessive urination (polyuria) and an unquenchable thirst (polydipsia), leading to dehydration. The patient feels dry mouth (especially at night during sleep), can quickly lose weight (unlike patients with type II diabetes), often despite the constant feeling of hunger. May appear blurred vision (“white veil” before the eyes). There is also a slow cure of infectious diseases and wound healing, a decrease in body temperature below the average mark, the appearance of ketone bodies in the urine. It is important to remember that since autoantibodies appear in the blood of type I patients with diabetes, the risk of damage to other endocrine organs also increases. That is why the endocrinologist pays special attention to the function of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands, which can also be damaged in patients with type I diabetes.

2. Insulin-Independent Diabetes Mellitus (Type II Diabetes)

The most common type of diabetes, often inherited (familial form of diabetes). The first signs of it appear in people of mature age (after 40 years), almost always with increased body mass. This type of diabetes manifests itself in excessive, normal or slightly reduced insulin production by the pancreas and is not associated with a lack of insulin, as in Type I diabetes, but with the fact that the body’s cells are immune to insulin.

Insulin, which is present in sufficient concentration in the blood, is not able to manifest its main action and carry out the penetration of glucose from the blood into the tissues. There is a so-called “insulin-insensitivity” of cells to insulin. In this form of diabetes, glucose also cannot enter the cells and accumulates in excess in the blood, causing a symptom of hyperglycemia.

With type II diabetes, there is no need for constant insulin injections. Basically, enough diet, proper physical exertion and hypoglycemic drugs.

Features of type II diabetes

In patients with diabetes mellitus of the second type, hyperglycemia, obesity, hypertension (increase in blood pressure) are observed. These patients develop cardiovascular diseases (ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction), diabetic retinopathy (decreased vision), neuropathy (decreased sensitivity, dryness and peeling of the skin, pain and cramps in the extremities), nephropathy (urinary protein, disturbance kidney function).

3. Pregnancy Diabetes

This type of diabetes does not belong to either type I or type II, although closer to insulin-independent diabetes. Unrecognized in term diabetes of pregnancy, is fraught with complications, both in the mother and the fetus. That is why it is extremely important to early detection of this type of diabetes (measuring the concentration of glucose in the blood, glucose and ketone bodies in the urine at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy), as well as proper monitoring and management of such pregnant women.

It develops in about 4% of women in the 24-28 weeks of pregnancy and usually spontaneously passes after delivery. However, it is very important to control and correct the elevated blood glucose level in a timely manner to avoid complications in the mother and fetus. It is important to know that approximately 40% of women with diabetes of pregnancy after delivery continue to suffer from type II diabetes and need monitoring and hypoglycemic therapy.

The categories of high risk of developing diabetes pregnancy include pregnant women:

1-Over 25 years old with overweight;
2- 25 years and older;
3- Women whose first-generation relatives suffered from diabetes.

Features Of Pregnancy Diabetes

Pregnancy diabetes is the most common complication of pregnancy. The signs are close to those of type II diabetes.

On the mother’s side, this is manifested by an increase in blood pressure, kidney damage and pre-eclampsia leading to premature labor. It also increases the risk that the diabetes of pregnancy passes into the mother’s persistent life-long type II diabetes after delivery.

On the part of the fetus, there may be an increase in its intrauterine weight, incorrect positions of the fetus, increasing the risk of injury and death of the fetus during natural delivery. The need for cesarean delivery is increasing. Children are born with low blood glucose and blood calcium, as well as with increased red blood cell count (erythremia) and increased blood bilirubin. Newborns also suffer from respiratory problems due to.

If you are looking for effective treatment methods for diabetes, I recommend you to read big diabetes lie review

What is Common Between Different Types Of Diabetes?

High blood sugar syndrome (hyperglycemia), when glucose accumulates in the blood in an excess amount, but is not able to penetrate into the cells to maintain their normal functioning. In this case, the cell still struggles for its survival and begins to extract energy from other sources available to it, for example, fatty acids (subcutaneous fatty tissue). In the process of “burning” of fatty acids in the cell accumulate side toxic compounds for the body, the so-called ketone bodies.

Chronic complications. Over time, a prolonged and persistent increase in blood sugar (glucose) concentration leads to serious and irreversible chronic complications, such as kidney damage (diabetic nephropathy), retinal eyes (diabetic microangiopathy and retinopathy progressing to blindness), peripheral nervous system (diabetic neuropathy) , and also large blood vessels (diabetic macroangiopathy) and heart.

Diabetes Treatment and Diabetes Disease Books

diabetes cure and the big diabetes lie

Diabets Treatment – 7 Steps to Health Book

So many people are suffering from diabetes in this world. Diabetes is the disease which can be caused by taking poor diet, lack of exercise and by eating more sugar food. There are numbers of ways to get treatment of diabetes, such as natural ways, home remedies or insulin injection treatment. Insulin medication is one of the best ways to treat diabetes. If you ignore this disease, then you will face more diseases like kidney disease, blindness, joint problems or some other and also it may because of death, So we should take the following big diabetes lie , diabetes treatment.

First of all, you should control your weight if you gain too much weight because overweight also causes of diabetes, For this doing exercise, yoga, and monitoring on diet and avoiding junk foods. We should control blood sugar level and it can be easily controlled by taking healthy diet, or the best way to control blood sugar level is taking insulin injection.

Stress and lack of sleep are also the cause of diabetes, and we need to sleep proper time because a lack of sleep give us stress and we need to take care of all these things. One other important thing is that drinking water help a lot to control blood sugar level, and it cleans our blood. Most of the childs are suffering from diabetes, and this is the cause of genetics or hormones problem.

How to Treat Diabetes?

As I discuss above that diabetes can be treated with many ways and now I will discuss below that how can we treat diabetes.

One of the important means to treat diabetes is taking healthy diet, by eating more proteins and we can make these proteins in nuts, lean meats, fish and other like these foods. It helps to control diabetes.
Regular exercises 40 minutes a day hep a lot to reduce sugar level in the body. This exercise will help a lot to lose weight and control blood sugar level.
It can be reduced by intake sugar and eating carbohydrate.
We need to drink much more water, healthy juice but avoid milk, alcohol, and other non-alcoholic beverages.
Taking insulin injection every day also help a lot to control blood sugar level and it is one of the most important ways to treat diabetes.

When you found any symptoms of diabetes, you should consult your doctor which will confirm that what type of diabetes you have and what treatment you need.

This is crucial to get treatment of diabetes and don’t ignore this disease if you have. I tried my best to share my knowledge with you, and I hope it might be helpful for you.

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What is the Big Diabetes Lie in Max Sidorov’s Book?

what is the big diabetes lie in max sidorov's book

What is the Big Diabetes Lie in Max Sidorov’s Book? Who Can Use the 7 Steps to Health and the Diabeted Lie?

The 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie by Max Sidorov and the International Council for Truth in Medicine (ICTM) is a miracle book that several people swear by. The book involves a well-researched module that maintains that it’s possible for you to get rid of diabetes type2 as well as bring type1 diabetes under control by natural means. The 7 Steps to Health is based on a 30-day plan that’s divided into seven easy-to-follow steps that use a well-balanced diet and healthy lifestyle habits to help you keep your body healthy.

Since its launch, the 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie has helped over 17,000 type2 diabetes patients get rid of diabetes completely from their system. Several other type1 diabetes patients have learned how to control their ailment, and thousands of others continue to live healthy lifestyles by eating balanced diets thanks to this program. So who exactly can use these 7 Steps to Health?

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Type2 diabetes patients

Pharmaceutical medications and other diabetes prescribed drugs do not get rid of diabetes from your system completely. Most type 2 diabetes patients have long resigned to their fate of living under diabetes medication since type2 diabetes conventionally has no cure. These drugs, however, come with their burden of side-effects such as heart, lung, and kidney failure, nausea and a weakened immune system. The 7 Steps to Health has come with the good news of a permanent solution to type 2 diabetes. By following a strict dietary plan, you are now able to eliminate type2 diabetes from your system using natural means in just 30 days. So far, over 17,000 type2 diabetes patients have benefited from this program.

Type1 diabetes patients

Having to inject insulin into your body daily for all your life is not something that you can be comfortable with. Most type1 diabetes patients get weighed down by this scary daily routine to the point that some of them resign and lose the will to live. Sadly enough, most of these patients are relatively young people with their whole lives ahead of them. Although the 7 Steps to Health don’t suggest any permanent remedy for type1 diabetes, the program offers various tips on how to keep the disease under control by using natural organic means that normalize your blood sugar levels as well as increase your body’s immunity and improve metabolism.

Patients with cancer, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other ailments

The 7 Steps to Health is not just a diabetes guide; the book promotes a revolutionary diet program that is crucial in both preventing and controlling other body malfunctions such as hormonal imbalances, headaches, kidney problems, cancer, and immune deficiency. The program, through simple steps, shows you how to test your body pH and thereafter, maintain it at an ideal level. Generally, a diet rich in vegetables, fresh fruits, and fiber is encouraged as opposed to processed foods, this eventually causes you to maintain a healthy body and high immune system to keep diseases away.

Do you want to eat a balanced diet and live a healthy lifestyle?

This book is the ultimate guide for you if you wish to live an improved, and healthy lifestyle. This program will teach you how to eat healthy and reduce your body cholesterol, therefore, maintaining a healthy body that’s free from disease. For instance, the program discourages the consumption of artificial sweeteners found in diet sodas and other “diet” labeled products. Foods and dishes with plenty of meat and beverages containing caffeine are also shunned upon by the program. These “unhealthy foods” notes Dr. Sidorov, cause an increase in body cholesterol which is the cause of many lifestyle diseases including, cancers, hypertension, and cardiovascular ailments.

The 7 steps to health are generally recommended for people of all ages, whether male or female. The program is not just vital for those who wish to eliminate type2 diabetes from their system, but also for those with type1 diabetes who’d like to reduce their insulin intake and control the disease through natural means. The 7 Steps to Health uses tips on natural products incorporated in the diet to reduce cholesterol levels and increase immunity so as to help kidney disease, hypertension, cancer, depression, and patients with other ailments to stay healthy. Essentially, the 7 Steps to Health are highly recommended for anybody who wishes to stay healthy and live a fulfilled life.

7 Steps To Health Review

7 steps to health review

7 steps to healt will provide a change how to do it. Welcome to my review of the results of my detailed research. You take a moment and imagine yourself living a diabetes-free life. You’d no longer have to live hooked on diabetes pills, constantly monitoring your blood sugar levels, injecting yourself with insulin, and you would save a lot of money that would be otherwise spent on these different medications. Living a life free from diabetes is no longer a far-fetched dream, the International Council for Truth in Medicine(ICTM) has come up with the 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie program which helps eradicate the disease in a few simple steps in your daily routine. Diabetes is no longer fatal; let’s have a look at how this has been made possible.

7 Steps To Health Program What is it?

The 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie program is a book that will help you get rid of diabetes in seven simple steps over a brief 30-day period. The book pushes the belief that there are natural ways to treat diabetes type 2 completely, and it disregards the use of insulin and other prescription drugs in controlling the same. It is a program created for people of all ages and gender in very simple terms that enable you to grasp diabetes better, including what causes it, how you can prevent it, and how to get cured of the disease. Through the book, you will get to learn how your daily choices on nutrition and other related lifestyle choices affect your overall health. Since its launch, the program has helped about 17,000 diabetes type2 patients from over 40 countries in the world to get rid of the disease.

what is the 7 steps to health

Who is the author of 7 Steps To Health?

This book is written by Dr. Max Sidorov with the help of intensified research from the International Council for Truth in Medicine(ICTM) in which Sidorov is the lead researcher. Members of ICTM are Dr. Shust, Dr. Valk, Dr. Meto, Dr. Sakorikova and Dr. Sidorov. Dr. Sidorov is a nutritionist and experienced researcher who specialises in diabetes and related issues of insulin and blood sugar. This great doctor and his ICTM team, apart from creating the genius 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie program, are also famous for their crusade against diabetes drug manufacturers and pharmaceuticals all over the world. They have been known to claim that diabetes medication companies and their associates have hidden the truth of there being a natural remedy for diabetes, so as to continue to boost the diabetes drug manufacturing industry. These facts are yet to be fully supported, though.

This is how the “7 steps to health” work

How to feed in 7 steps to health

 

Dr. Sidorov guarantees that you can beat diabetes from your system provided you follow all the guidelines as specified in the book. These steps are broken down into the simple daily regimen that you follow over a period of 30 days. The leading cause of diabetes being an inflammation of the body system that causes resistance to insulin, causing blood sugar levels to increase, the book is in agreement that maintaining healthy levels of blood sugar in the body is the only sure way to beat diabetes. The program teaches you to distinguish between necessary and unnecessary calories and how you can maintain a healthy body weight. You also learn important details on how to eat a rich, balanced diet and the ways you can avoid a poor diet to keep your body’s immunity high. Overall, the program seeks to guide you into strengthening your immune system and boosting your body’s ph by eating right and exercising regularly.

How can you benefit from this program

There’s a lot you can gain from this program. When you’ve gone through the 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie, you are almost sure to receive the following benefits:

· Useful tips that will help you better identify spices used every day in the kitchen that contribute to increasing your body’s glucose metabolism in twice its usual amount.

· How to be in a position to distinguish between healthy fats such as Omega 3 and 6 and the unhealthy ones such as saturated fats.

· Useful information on nutrition that has helped countries such a Norway to eradicate around 18,000 cases of type2 diabetes since the launch of this program.

· A list of appropriate foods that help to treat diabetes and its related complications better than the Metformin drug.

· Information that gives details on some commonly used sweeteners that have been known to shrink the thymus gland as well as enlarge the liver and kidneys.

· Bonus e-books including the Secrets of Antioxidants, Dangers of Microwave Radiation at Home, Amazing Health from Water, and the Miracle of Sleep.

Advantages of the “7 steps to health” program

· This program is based on purely natural means that have no side effects as opposed to the insulin and diabetes pills that clog the system and eventually damage your body’s vital organs.

· All the steps and health tips available in this book have been thoroughly researched and tested, and for that reason, you can be sure to trust that the program is viable and safe to try out.

· The book, besides the healing tips towards curing diabetes, also acts as a vital tool of encouragement, giving hope to a large number of diabetes patients all over the world.

· The book is quickly accessible as you can find it in digital format. Also, information in the book is put across in a straightforward and understandable manner, full of colored pictures and illustrations which make it very easy to read and understand.

· The book has a 60-day refund policy. What this means essentially is that, if you are dissatisfied with how the product works, then you are entitled to a refund. You can get your money back by just sending an email detailing your grievances to the author.

Disadvantages of the program

· This book dictates you to change your diet and lifestyle if you are to succeed at eliminating diabetes from your system. Eating plenty of meat and sugary food is discouraged in this program, and a diet rich in vegetables and fruits is encouraged. This change in your diet may set you back as you try to fight diabetes through this course.

· There are various conspiracy theories suggested by Dr. Sidorov and his ICTM colleagues concerning the deception behind diabetes drug manufacturing companies which are yet to be proven.

· Some opinions in the book such as those that discourage the consumption of coffee, meat, and alcohol are still debatable.

· The book isn’t widely accessible since it’s only available online; therefore, a good number of people with no internet connection aren’t able to access it.

Recommendations

This book is highly recommended for type1 diabetes patients, to help them find a natural way to contain the disease since it is harder to treat adequately, and those with type2 diabetes who seek a more permanent solution to eliminate diabetes from their system.

The course is relevant to people of all ages and gender. It is well detailed in a manner that is clear, simple to understand, and quite easy to implement which also makes it highly recommended for the eradication of diabetes.

Conclusion

Although the book offers many tips and health information to help you choose the right diet and make the most appropriate lifestyle choices regarding your health, what determines your success is how you use this information. Diabetes is no longer a death sentence. Thanks to the 7 Steps to Health and the Big Diabetes Lie, you can get the book today, start following the simple steps and embark on your journey towards a life free from diabetes.

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The Diabetes Detox Review – Diabet Mellitus

The Diabetes Detox Review

What is Diabetes Detox Review? Diabet mellitus Is it real or scam product ?.Is this program a real solution of diabetes ?.People are searching a real product for diabetes and a real cure.We are explaining and giving information about to type-2 diabetes in this article.Diabetes is harmful illness and if you has a diabetes type-2, you need to get rid of it,  but what is the real cure ?. Experts have created this program for diabetes illnesses and this program takes your time just  6-weeks.You are going to learn a lot of methods. Besides, you are going to learn a lot of solution for this illness.You are going to need to know that surgery or drugs etc. can be dangerous for diabetes type -2 cure ?.You may hear a lot of wrong information about the treatment of diabetes type-2.So, you need to inspect Diabetes Detox Review and you need to think about it. What is the big diabetel lie?

KNOWLEDGE ABOUT  DIABETES DETOX REVIEW

This program includes 6-week program and each week is different. Let’s inspect together all of it.

1 )First Week : We are going to add fructose your dietary in this week.

2 )Second Week: We are going  to add right and healthy carbohydrates to every meal

3 )Third Week: We are going to use healthy foods so we are going to increase our energy because of that our stubborn fat are going to burn rapidly.

4 )Fourth Week: Destroy  all fructose from your meal

5 )Fifth Week: You are going to get rid of unhealthy foods which damage to your body.

6 )Sixth Week: You are going to realize your body form and you can show to your doctor what is happening to you.

You are going to take control of your body during these 6-week and you are going to feel health in you.

This program designed for your diabetes and you are going to burn all fat in your body.You should just follow all instructions properly.If you keep following instructions regularly, you are going to get your dream and your shaped body.Besides, you must focus on your dream.After you start to this program, you are not going to suffer and feel tiring.Actually, you are going to feel more energetic because of your body is going to start to burst stored fat deeply.With delicious and healthy meals, you are going to diminish your sugar level in your blood.Do you really like to eat chocolates, sugar etc.  ?. So, you should be more patient and you need to focus your program.

Guidebook of The  6-Week Diabetes Detox Review:

-> You are going to diminish  your diabetes  because of  Fully 6-Week Diabetes Detox  Program

You are going to take control of your diabetes level.This guidebook is the really effective remedy.So, you can go to your doctor 6-week later and you can hear all results from your doctor.

-> You are going to get a treatment  from your kitchen:

You are paying a lot of dollars to drugs.But it is not a good choice for you.You are going to save your money.You shouldn’t pay a lot of money for diabetes drugs.You are going to learn meals which consist of healthy nutrients.There is no any side effect, stubborn fat etc. against your health.

-> You can be under at risk type 3 diabetes:

There are a lot of searches showed us that there is a strong connection between type 3 diabetes and Alzheimer illness.Type 3 diabetes may affect blood sugar level and your blood sugar level can fluctuate badly.So you need to be more careful about this problem.

-> You are going to learn healthy foods for meal routine:

You are going to learn sufficient food that this routine is going to helps to find a balance your sugar blood of you and your family.

Who Can Use This Program ?.

If you are suffering from type 1 diabetes, you needn’t use this program.This is not a remedy for type 1 diabetes.After you born, you may have type 1 diabetes nearly %10.If you effectively apply this program to yourself, this program is going to keep under the control of your blood sugar effectively.If you are looking magic cures or surprising results in shortest time, you certainly shouldn’t this program.

What Is The Price Of This Program ?.

You will buy Diabetes Detox Review  $37.This program includes every component about drugs, medications or doctor advice etc.This program is very easy and effective.This program is going to bring you variety healthy sides.You are going to gain your health and you are going to get rid of Diabetes forever.

This program is guaranteed your money within 60-day.You can give this program back if you don’t get anything from it.

Creators who created this program that they are staying behind this program and they are giving a confidence to the customers.There is no wrong side and no lie within this guide.You should just try  Diabetes Detox Review and see what are you going to get after it.We created this program limited so when this part finished, program’s price is going to increase systematically so you need to be hurry if you want to get it.

# BONUSES:

  • The Detox-Diet Cook Book
  • Low-Carb Diabetes Cook Book

RESULT OF DIABETES DETOX REVIEW:

We inspected Diabetes Detox Review today and we tried to give a valuable information about it.Believe me, you are going to get rid of diabetes day-by-day.After 6-weeks finished, you are going to feel amazing.6-Week Detox plan is going to affect you. Diabetes Detox Pdf is designed for you and it includes precious information.You shouldn’t pay a lot of money for drugs.Your blood sugar is going to be balanced quickly and you going to change your life.Life is precious and healthy is a big factor for life.So, Don’t forget.