In the event that you have diabetes, doubtlessly you will require a blood glucose meter with which you can quantify your glucose levels. There are numerous sorts of blood glucose meters, from fundamental models to cutting edge ones with an assortment of capacities. Luckily, they are generally staggeringly simple to utilize.
HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHECK BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS?
Since all people are different, precise prescriptions regarding the frequency of checking blood sugar levels are not available – this issue ought to be examined with the specialist separately.. How often you need to check blood sugar levels is influenced by several factors, including:
- Duration of diabetes
- Your general health
- Exercise frequency and intensity
Because of medical issues or pregnancy, your body may not react to insulin of course, so it is essential to counsel your nearby specialist. Or on the other hand, in the event that you have any inquiries, don’t hesitate to contact the authorities of the MiniMed group , who will give you help and support whenever.
Through standard testing of glucose levels, you can find in which course it changes, and take the vital measures to keep it in the ideal range.
How to check blood sugar levels?
A blood glucose meter is used to check blood sugar levels. All devices are slightly different, so always read the instructions before use. The analysis requires only a few simple steps. Usually they are:
- Wash your hands first
- Turn on the meter
- Insert a new test strip
- Use the lancet to pierce the tip of your finger and take a small drop of blood.
- Place the blood on the test strip of the meter.
The instrument will take a few seconds for a blood test, after which the result will appear on the screen, measured in mmol / L or mg / dL.
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What to strive for?
In most cases, your goal is to keep blood sugar levels as close as possible to those of a healthy person. Ideally, it should be between 4 and 7 mmol / L (72–126 mg / dL) before meals and about 5–9 mmol / L (90–162 mg / dL) after meals (after 90 minutes). The indicated range of blood sugar is only a recommendation; Your target range may vary. Consult with your team of doctors to determine your target range. It is determined individually and often depends on:
- The duration of diabetes
- Age / life expectancy
- Associated diseases
- Identified cardiovascular diseases or serious microvascular complications
- Individual factors relevant to the patient
- Impaired sensitivity to hypoglycemia
There is no consensus on the ideal range for which to strive. Since this indicator is completely individual for each person, the patient needs to coordinate the target level with his team of diabetes care specialists.
The following ranges of target blood sugar (glucose) in blood are given only as recommendations.
Children with type 1 diabetes
- After waking up and before meals: 4–7 mmol / l (72–126 mg / dl)
- After meals: 5–9 mmol / l (90–162 mg / dL)
Adults with type 1 diabetes
- After waking up: 5–7 mmol / l (90–126 mg / dL)
- Before meals at another time of the day: 4–7 mmol / l (72–126 mg / dl)
- 90 minutes after a meal: 5–9 mmol / l (90–162 mg / dL)
Type 2 Diabetes
- Before meals: 4–7 mmol / l (72–126 mg / dL)
- Two hours after a meal: less than 8.5 mmol / l (153 mg / dL)
Pregnant women with diabetes
- Fasting: below 5.3 mmol / l (95.4 mg / dL) and
- 1 hour after a meal: below 7.8 mmol / l (140.4 mg / dL) or
- 2 hours after a meal: below 6.4 mmol / l (115.2 mg / dL)
What do the results mean?
Controlling blood sugar levels is balancing your diet, activity, and medication or insulin. This is not an easy task, but with careful monitoring of blood sugar levels, you will understand how each of these factors affects your body.
Simply put, if your blood sugar level is low (hypoglycemia), you will need to take the necessary measures to return it to the target range, and if it is too high ( hyperglycemia ), you will need to take action to stop its growth and reduce sugar in the blood to a safe value.
After checking the blood sugar level, write down the number that appears on the screen of the device. It is useful to keep a diary to track the change in the level of sugar in your blood throughout the day, week or month. You can trace the dependence of indicators on nutrition, types of activity and other aspects that may affect the indicators during the day. If you notice certain trends, such as constantly high or low values, you may need to adjust the treatment program. Together with your doctor or a team of diabetes care professionals, determine what the results mean for you. Be patient, it may take some time. Try not to evaluate individual indicators, but simply analyze them to make sure that everything is in order.
Remember that the results of measuring blood sugar often have a strong psychological effect. Indicators that go beyond the target range can upset you, confuse, annoy, annoy, or simply cause a bad mood. It’s very easy to judge yourself with these numbers, especially if you think you’ve done everything you need. Recall that your blood sugar level is a way to track the effectiveness of your diabetes program; it is not an assessment of you as an individual.